Bad breath (Halitosis), – is the unpleasant odor emitted from the mouth. This is an embarrassing condition wherein some people aren’t aware of. This is the result of proteins breakdown by bacteria.

Causes of Bad Breath

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Tooth decay
  • Dry mouth (Xerostomia)
  • Gum disease
  • Metals in the mouth
  • Tooth infection

Medical Conditions

  • Local infection in the respiratory tract
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Postnasal drip
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Diabetes
  • Gastrointestinal disturbance
  • Liver or kidney ailment
  • Disorder in metabolism
  • Fasting

Treatment of bad breath

  • Maintaining of good oral health
  • Regular dental check-up
  • Avoid foods that have offensive smell after eating such garlic & onions and spicy food.
  • Refrain from smoking
  • Treatment of systemic diseases and local infection in the respiratory tract
  • Treat dry mouth
  • Proper nutrition
  • Avoid too much coffee and alcohol
  • Drink plenty of water

Gum Disease is an infection of the gums which is caused by a film of bacteria that coats everyone’s teeth. It can occur at any age, but it is most common among adults. In the early reversible stage of gum disease, called gingivitis, gums can become red, swollen and bleed easily. When the disease progresses to the bone, which supports the teeth, it is called periodontitis and at that point can cause irreversible damage. In the advanced stages of the disease, the bone and soft tissues which support the teeth are destroyed and this may cause the teeth to become loose, fall out, or have to be removed by a dentist.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease is cause by bacteria that attach to the crown and root surfaces of the teeth. These bacteria organize to form a called dental plaque. Because plaque is sticky and constantly forms on your teeth, it can continue to build up on the teeth and gums. If plaque is not removed through daily cleaning, it produces toxins or poisons that can irritate and inflame the gums. Eventually these toxins destroy gums tissues, causing the tissues to separate from the tooth and form deepened spaces called pockets. The pockets can them hold more bacteria, and the process can progress so the that gum tissues detach even further until the bone and other supporting tissues of the teeth are destroyed.

Treatment of gum disease

The usual treatment of gum disease is the thorough daily removal of plaque from the teeth using a brush or a floss depending on the condition of the teeth with the help of a dentist an early detection of the disease are usually treated by a procedure called scaling and root planning, in which tartar is removed from the teeth.

Once the bacteria and toxins that irritate the tissue are eliminated, the gum can often reattach to the tooth. If gum disease is caught in the early stages, professional cleaning, combined with good oral hygiene and diet, is often enough to restore oral health.
In the more advanced stages of gum disease, a variety of treatment techniques may be necessary. These can include gum surgery to remove tartar from deep pockets and to regenerate lost gum and bone. Depending on the situation, bite adjustment, bridgework, dental implants and orthodontics may also be recommended. Treatment depends and is tailored of the individual’s concern.

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